What is Poverty ?
What is Poverty – How is it Defined ?
Poverty has existed throughout human history and understanding the multi-dimensional nature is significant since it determines strategies and approaches towards poverty alleviation.
Poverty can be defined as :-
Lack of Basic Needs
Absence of Social, Political and Economic opportunities
Depending upon social circumstances and the availability of financial resources other needs – fuel, electricity, transportation, marriage allowance, repayment of debts, etc – may also be included. This fulfilment of needs should be provided to all citizens irrespective of colour, creed, race, gender or age.
Poverty leads to a vicious circle of low productivity, low income/capital/savings, which in turn leads to lower productivity and poverty again.
The objective of the shariah is to promote the welfare of the people, which lies in safe guarding their faith, life, intellect, prosperity and wealth.
Maslahah (benefit), is the property or power of a good/service that affects the basic elements and objectives of the life of human beings in this world, with the five fundamentals of existence in this world being described as :
All goods or services that have the power to promote these five elements are said to have maslahah for human beings, and are therefore needs.
There is a three level band concept to synthesize definitions of poverty, they are :-
Distributive justice is one of the most important components of the Islamic vision of a just socio-economic order.
To know what helps to reduce poverty, what works and what does not, what changes over time, poverty has to be defined, measured, and studied – and even experienced. As poverty has many dimensions, it has to be looked at through a variety of indicators – levels of income and consumption, social indicators, and indicators of vulnerability to risks and of socio-political access.
Income or consumption levels
A person is considered poor if his or her consumption or income level falls below some minimum level necessary to meet basic needs. This minimum level is usually called the “poverty line”.
What is necessary to satisfy basic needs varies across time and societies.
Therefore, poverty lines vary in time and place, and each country uses lines which are appropriate to its level of development, societal norms and values.
When estimating poverty worldwide, the same reference poverty line has to be used, and expressed in a common unit across countries. Therefore, for the purpose of global aggregation and comparison, the World Bank uses reference lines set at $1 and $2 per day.
It has been estimated that in 2001:
Work on non-income dimensions of poverty includes assembling comparable and high-quality social indicators for education, health, access to services and infrastructure. It also includes developing new indicators to track other dimensions – for example risk, vulnerability, social exclusion, access to social capital – as well as ways to compare a multi-dimensional conception of poverty, when it may not make sense to aggregate the various dimensions into one index.
Work is needed to integrate data coming from sample surveys with information obtained through more participatory techniques, which usually offer rich insights into why programs work or do not.
Participatory Approaches illustrate
Some Facts about children & poverty
Health Care and Nutrition
Some More Facts – Did You Know….
Our core work involves looking after and supporting orphans, poor and the needy. Your money will go to support orphans and the poor in the following areas: Healthcare, Education, Clothing, Food and Housing.This will ensure that children in that family are able to study and acquire relevant skills which will help them in the longer run to maintain themselves and their families, by working or engaging in business.
We are and will be supporting orphans and orphanages in poor continents such as Africa and Asia, and working in the areas of education and young people generally.